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Title: Evaluation of carbon sinks by the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa at an oceanic island: Spatial variation and economic valuation
Authors: Bañolas, G.
Fernandez, S. 
Espino, F. 
Haroun, R. 
Tuya, F. 
UNESCO Clasification: 241705 Biología marina
Keywords: Blue Carbon
Salt Marshes
Blue Carbon
Carbon Sinks
Seagrass Meadows
Canary Islands
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Ocean and Coastal Management 
Abstract: Seagrasses provide multiple ‘ecosystem services' in coastal waters, including carbon sequestration. However, this ‘Blue Carbon’ potential has been only evaluated for certain species from some areas of the world. In this study, we provide initial estimates on the magnitude and local variability of carbon sequestration, as organic carbon stocks, for seagrass meadows of Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson in the oceanic island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain, central-eastern Atlantic). Six seagrass meadows were selected; at each meadow, cores inserted up to 30 cm in the seabed were collected in the ‘interior’, ‘edge’ and ‘unvegetated’ bottoms immediately adjacent to seagrass patches. We estimated organic carbon (Corg) pools by means of the Loss of Ignition (LOI) procedure. Overall, larger Corg pools were observed in the ‘interior’ and 'edges' of meadow patches than in adjacent ‘unvegetated’ bottoms. At the meadow-level, Corg pools were not predicted neither by the meadow area, nor by the mean shoot density, or sediment grain fractions. Overall, the total estimated stock was 86.20 ± 19.06 Mg C ha−1. By considering the total potential extension of seagrass meadows across the entire island perimeter, we estimated a total stock of 60.34 Gg of C, for a mean estimated financial value of 919,432.249 € (1313.47 € ha−1), which ranges between 351,631.35 € (502.33 € ha−1) and 1,498,954.45 € (2141.36 € ha−1), according to varying market prices in the last 5 years. This work highlights, therefore, the importance of meadows underpinned by C. nodosa not only at an ecological, but also at an economic level, in particular from the perspective of regional climate change adaptation strategies.
ISSN: 0964-5691
DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105112
Source: Ocean & Coastal Management [ISSN 0964-5691], v. 187, 105112
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