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Title: Protein in marine plankton: A comparison of spectrophotometric methods
Authors: Martínez Sánchez, Ico 
Herrera Ulibarri, Alicia 
Tames Espinosa, Maria Teresa 
Bondyale Juez, Daniel Rickue 
Romero Kutzner, Vanesa 
Packard, Theodore Train 
Gómez Cabrera, María Milagrosa 
UNESCO Clasification: 241705 Biología marina
2401 Biología animal (zoología)
Keywords: Bicinchoninic acid
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 
Abstract: Measuring protein is critical to many investigations in oceanography and marine biology. Here, we compared seven colorimetric protein assays (Rutter, Rutter-SDS, Markwell, BCA, microBCA, Bradford and microBradford) for measuring protein in a mysid (Leptomysis lingvura), in a jellyfish (Pelagia noctiluca), and in three different size fractions of marine plankton (0.7–50, 50–200 and 200-2000 μm). Significant differences occurred in all of these samples. However, the mBCA method was the most accurate for all samples except the mysid, the Rutter method was the least accurate in all organisms, and the Bradford and microBradford methods consistently underestimated protein. The time-dependent behavior of the protein signal was most accurately determined if the analysis was carried out rapidly and consistently. In relation to the limit of detection (LOD), the most sensitive method for low protein levels was the microBCA assay (at 7 μg mL−1 protein). The most sensitive method at higher levels of protein was the Bradford method (at 472 μg mL−1 protein). The BCA method was the most linear and the microBCA method, the most sensitive method for detecting bovine serum albumin. We recommend the latter two methods for measuring protein under our assay conditions.
ISSN: 0022-0981
DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2020.151357
Source: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology [ISSN 0022-0981], v. 526, 151357
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