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Title: Confident Perception of Primary Care Physicians Correlates to the Attitude Toward Donation and Organ Transplantation: A Multicenter Study of Medical And Nursing Spanish Students
Authors: Martínez-Alarcón, Laura
Ríos, Antonio
Gutiérrez, Pedro Ramón
Gómez, Francisco Javier
Santainés-Borredá, Elena
Agras-Suarez, María Concepción
Iriarte, Jorge
Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
Herruzo, Rafael
Hurtado-Pardos, Bárbara
Blanco, Gerardo
Bárcena-Calvo, Carmen
Llorca, Javier Francisco
Perelló-Campaner, Catalina
Asunsolo, Angel
Arribas Marin, Juan Manuel
Sánchez, Pilar
Mayor-García, Silvia
Fernández, Ana
Soto-Ruíz, Maria Nelia
de Jesús, Maria Teresa
Navalón, Juan Carlos
Lana, Alberto
Noguer, Carme Bertran
Fuentes, L.
Peña Amaro, Maria Pilar
Hernández Hernández, Juan Ramón 
Jiménez-Herrera, Maria Francisca
Virseda, Julio
Blanco-Sánchez, Rafaela
Yelamos, J.
Calvo-Sánchez, María Dolores
Bondía, J. A.
Prado Laguna, María Carmen
González-García, Alberto
Martínez-Rodríguez, Adelina
Bas-Sarmiento, Pilar
Faus-Gabandé, Francisco
Muiños-Álvarez, Alicia
Peyró-Gregori, Loreto
Hernández-Martínez, Helena
López-Navas, Ana Isabel
Parrilla, Pascual
Ramírez, Pablo
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
Keywords: Communication
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Transplantation Proceedings 
Conference: 11th Congress of the Andalusian-Society-of-Organ-and-Tissue-Transplantation (SATOT) 
Abstract: A primary care physician (PCP) not only accompanies the patient in the process of an illness, but throughout his or her life. The confidence we have in these health professionals is fundamental, and their favorable attitude toward organ donation and transplantation (ODT) has a significant influence on the population. Objective: To analyze trust in PCPs among Spanish medical and nursing students, the relationship with their attitude toward ODT, and the factors that condition it. Methods and Design: A sociologic, multicenter, and observational study. Population: medical and nursing students in Spanish universities. Database: Collaborative International Donor Project, stratified by geographic area and academic course. A validated questionnaire (PCID-DTO-RIOS) was self-administered and completed anonymously. A sample of 9598 medical and 10,566 nursing students (99% confidence and precision of ±1%), stratified by geographic area and year of study. Results: Completion rate: 90%. With respect to students’ trust in their physician, 18% (n = 3267) of them totally trust (completely), 45% (n = 8101) trust enough, 30% (n = 5478) of them have not enough trust, and 7% not at all. Comparing groups, medical students totally trust more in PCPs than nursing students (55% vs 45%; P <.000), however, nursing students have less than enough trust in their PCP than medical students (53% vs 47%; P <.000). Students that totally trust in their PCP were more in favor toward ODT than students with not enough trust (83% vs 77%; P <.000). Conclusion: Only 18% of Spanish medical and nursing students totally trust in their PCP. Attitude toward ODT is related to a higher level of trust in PCPs among these students.
ISSN: 0041-1345
DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.12.025
Source: Transplantation Proceedings [ISSN 0041-1345], v. 52 (2), p. 491-495, (Marzo 2020)
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