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Title: Applying artificial intelligence to explore sexual cyberbullying behaviour
Authors: Sánchez Medina, Agustín Jesús 
Galván Sánchez, Inmaculada 
Fernández Monroy, Margarita 
UNESCO Clasification: 120304 Inteligencia artificial
611402 Actitudes
630707 Tecnología y cambio social
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence
Dark Triad
Ensemble Classification Tree, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Heliyon 
Abstract: Sexual cyberbullying is becoming a serious problem in today's society. In the workplace, this issue is more complex because of the power imbalance between potential perpetrators and victims. Preventing sexual cyberbullying in organizations is very important for a safety and respectful workplace. Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) standards establish certain policies to be considered to create an organizational culture based on zero tolerance to sexual cyberbullying. The research aims to broaden knowledge about personality and sexual cyberbullying. Therefore, this paper proposes a crucial tool to explore potential sexual cyberbullying behaviour. This study analysed how personality traits, particularly those related to the Dark Triad (psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism), might influence this behaviour. Participants (N = 374) were Spanish young adults, using the convenience sampling to recruit them. The methodology focused on the use of structural equation modelling and ensemble classification tree. First, we tested the proposed hypotheses with structural equation method based on covariance using the Lavaan R-package. Second, for the ensemble of classification trees, we applied the package randomForest and Adabag (bagging and boosting) in R. Results proposed high levels of psychopathy and Machiavellianism are more likely to be related to sexual cyberbullying behaviours. Organizations could use the tool proposed in this research to develop internal policies and procedures for detection and deterrence of potential cyberbullying behaviours. By raising awareness about cyberbullying behaviour including its conceptualisation and measurement in training courses, organizations might build an organizational culture based on a respectful workplace without sexual cyberbullying behaviours. Cyberbullying; Dark triad; Machiavellianism; Narcissism; Psychopathy; Structural equation modelling; Ensemble classification tree, Artificial intelligence; Machine learning; Business; Human resource management
ISSN: 2405-8440
DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03218
Source: Heliyon [ISSN 2405-8440], v. 6 (1), e03218
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