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Title: Adherence to the mediterranean diet and bone fracture risk in middle-aged women: A case control study
Authors: Palomeras-Vilches, Anna
Viñals-Mayolas, Eva
Bou-Mias, Concepció
Jordà-Castro, Mªàngels
Agüero-Martínez, Mªàngels
Busquets-Barceló, Montserrat
Pujol-Busquets, Georgina
Carrion, Carme
Bosque-Prous, Marina
Serra Majem, Luis 
Bach-Faig, Anna
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
Keywords: Bone Fracture Risk
Dietary Pattern
Mediterranean Diet, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Nutrients
Abstract: The prevention of bone mass loss and related complications associated with osteoporosis is a significant public health issue. The Mediterranean diet (MD) is favorably associated with bone health, a potentially modifiable risk factor. The objective of this research was to determine MD adherence in a sample of women with and without osteoporosis. In this observational case-control study of 139 women (64 women with and 75 without osteoporosis) conducted in a primary-care health center in Girona (Spain), MD adherence, lifestyle, physical exercise, tobacco and alcohol consumption, pathological antecedents, and FRAX index scores were analyzed. Logistic multilinear regression modeling to explore the relationship between the MD and bone fracture risk indicated that better MD adherence was associated with a lower bone risk fracture. Non-pharmacological preventive strategies to reduce bone fracture risk were also reviewed to explore the role of lifestyle and diet in bone mass maintenance and bone fracture prevention.
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu11102508
Source: Nutrients [ISSN 2072-6643], v. 11 (10), 2508
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