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Title: Biosurface properties and lead adsorption in a clone of Sphagnum palustre (Mosses): Towards a unified protocol of biomonitoring of airborne heavy metal pollution
Authors: Di Palma, Anna
González, Aridane G. 
Adamo, Paola
Giordano, Simonetta
Reski, Ralf
Pokrovsky, Oleg S.
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
Keywords: Biosorption
Heavy Metals
Langmuir Isotherm
Moss-Bags, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Chemosphere 
Abstract: Although mosses are widely used for active biomonitoring of air pollution, a unified protocol for their treatment before exposure in bags is still lacking. Here we used field- and laboratory-grown Sphagnum palustre L. moss, respectively, treated by EDTA and devitalized by oven drying at 100 °C, to elaborate a consistent procedure of metal and proton adsorption on moss surfaces. Acid-base titrations and Pb2+ adsorption experiments at different pH values and Pb2+ concentrations in solution were performed with both field-collected and laboratory cloned mosses. Devitalization and EDTA treatments did not produce any measurable difference in terms of H+ and Pb2+ adsorption capacities of moss surfaces. The stability constants for Pb2+ adsorption onto moss surfaces as a function of pH (pH-dependent adsorption edge) and at constant pH (5.5 and 6.5) as a function of Pb2+ concentration (“langmuirian” adsorption isotherm) were rather similar between different treatments. A Linear Program Modeling (LPM) of adsorption reactions revealed high similarity of adsorption constants regardless of treatments for both field-grown and cloned mosses. Therefore, in view of the use of S. palustre clone for biomonitoring lead in the environment, we recommend devitalization at 100 °C as unique treatment to perform with the aim to preserve the biomonitor before and after its exposure in bags.
ISSN: 0045-6535
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124375
Source: Chemosphere [ISSN 0045-6535], v. 236, 124375
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