Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/69972
Title: Total and subtypes of dietary fat intake and its association with components of the metabolic syndrome in a mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk
Authors: Julibert, Alicia
Bibiloni, Maria Del Mar
Bouzas, Cristina
Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel
Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
Corella, Dolores
Zomeño, Maria Dolors
Romaguera, Dora
Vioque, Jesús
Alonso-Gómez, Ángel M.
Wärnberg, Julia
Martínez, J. Alfredo
Serra-Majem, Luís 
Estruch, Ramon
Tinahones, Francisco J.
Lapetra, José
Pintó, Xavier
Lopez-Miranda, José
García-Molina, Laura
Gaforio, José Juan
Matía-Martín, Pilar
Daimiel, Lidia
Martín-Sánchez, Vicente
Vidal, Josep
Vázquez, Clotilde
Ros, Emili
Toledo, Estefanía
Becerra-Tomás, Nerea
Pórtoles, Olga
Pérez-Vega, Karla A.
Fiol, Miquel
Torres-Collado, Laura
Tojal-Sierra, Lucas
Carabaño-Moral, Rosa
Abete, Itziar
Sanchez-Villegas, Almudena 
Casas, Rosa
Bernal-López, María Rosa
Santos-Lozano, José Manuel
Galera, Ana
Ugarriza, Lucía
Ruiz-Canela, Miguel
Babio, Nancy
Coltell, Oscar
Schröder, Helmut
Konieczna, Jadwiga
Orozco-Beltrán, Domingo
Sorto-Sánchez, Carolina
Eguaras, Sonia
Barrubés, Laura
Fitó, Montserrat
Tur, Josep A.
UNESCO Clasification: 3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Dietary Fat
Fat Intake
Fatty Acids
Mediterranean Diet
Issue Date: 2019
Project: Efecto de la Dieta Mediterránea Hopocalórica y Promoción de la Actividad Física en Prevención Primaria Cardiovascular.Estudio Piloto Sobre Marcadores Intermedios. 
Efecto de Una Pérdida de Peso Con Dieta Mediterránea Hipocalórica y Promoción de la Actividad Física en la Prevención Primaria Cardiovascular 
Journal: Nutrients 
Abstract: Background: The effect of dietary fat intake on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and in turn on cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains unclear in individuals at high CVD risk. Objective: To assess the association between fat intake and MetS components in an adult Mediterranean population at high CVD risk. Design: Baseline assessment of nutritional adequacy in participants (n = 6560, men and women, 55–75 years old, with overweight/obesity and MetS) in the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED)-Plus randomized trial. Methods: Assessment of fat intake (total fat, monounsatured fatty acids: MUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids: PUFA, saturated fatty acids: SFA, trans-fatty acids: Trans-FA, linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, and ω-3 FA) using a validated food frequency questionnaire, and diet quality using 17-item Mediterranean dietary questionnaire and fat quality index (FQI). Results: Participants in the highest quintile of total dietary fat intake showed lower intake of energy, carbohydrates, protein and fiber, but higher intake of PUFA, MUFA, SFA, TFA, LA, ALA and ω-3 FA. Differences in MetS components were found according to fat intake. Odds (5th vs. 1st quintile): Hyperglycemia: 1.3–1.6 times higher for total fat, MUFA, SFA and ω-3 FA intake; low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c): 1.2 higher for LA; hypertriglyceridemia: 0.7 lower for SFA and ω-3 FA intake. Conclusions: Dietary fats played different role on MetS components of high CVD risk patients. Dietary fat intake was associated with higher risk of hyperglycemia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/69972
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu11071493
Source: Nutrients [ISSN 2072-6643 ], v. 11 (7), 1493
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