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Title: Exploring Pavlova pinguis chemical diversity: a potentially novel source of high value compounds
Authors: Fernandes, Tomásia
Martel, Antera 
Cordeiro, Nereida
UNESCO Clasification: 241705 Biología marina
241707 Algología (ficología)
Keywords: Pavlova pinguis
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: To uncover the potential of Pavlova pinguis J.C. Green as a natural source of value added compounds, its lipophilic extracts were studied before and after alkaline hydrolysis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The GC-MS analysis of the lipophilic extracts showed a wide chemical diversity including 72 compounds distributed by fatty acids (29), sterols (14), fatty alcohols (13) and other lipophilic compounds (16). Fatty acids represented the main class of identified compounds presenting myristic, palmitic, palmitoleic and eicosapentaenoic acids as its main components. Through the ∑ω6/∑ω3 ratio (0.25) and sterol composition it was possible to observe that P. pinguis is a valuable source of ω3 fatty acids and stigmasterol (up to 43% of total sterols). After alkaline hydrolysis, fatty acids and fatty alcohols content increased by 32 and 14% respectively, in contrast to, monoglycerides which decreased by 84%. The long chain alcohols content enables the exploitation of this microalga as a source of these bioactive compounds. Smaller amounts of sugars and other compounds were also detected. The present study is a valuable reference to the metabolite characterization of P. pinguis and shows the potential of this microalga for nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industries.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-57188-y
Source: Scientific reports [ISSN 2045-2322], v. 10 (1), p. 339
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