Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/6565
Title: Pulmonary gas exchange at maximal exercise in Danish lowlanders during 8 wk of acclimatization to 4,100 m and in high-altitude Aymara natives
Authors: Lundby, Carsten
Calbet, JAL 
van Hall, Gerrit
Saltin, Bengt
Sander, M.
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Hypoxia
Muscle
Oxygen
Altitude
Issue Date: 2004
Journal: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 
Abstract: We aimed to test effects of altitude acclimatization on pulmonary gas exchange at maximal exercise. Six lowlanders were studied at sea level, in acute hypoxia (AH), and after 2 and 8 wk of acclimatization to 4,100 m (2W and 8W) and compared with Aymara high-altitude natives residing at this altitude. As expected, alveolar Po2 was reduced during AH but increased gradually during acclimatization (61 +/- 0.7, 69 +/- 0.9, and 72 +/- 1.4 mmHg in AH, 2W, and 8W, respectively), reaching values significantly higher than in Aymaras (67 +/- 0.6 mmHg). Arterial Po2 (PaO2) also decreased during exercise in AH but increased significantly with acclimatization (51 +/- 1.1, 58 +/- 1.7, and 62 +/- 1.6 mmHg in AH, 2W, and 8W, respectively). PaO2 in lowlanders reached levels that were not different from those in high-altitude natives (66 +/- 1.2 mmHg). Arterial O2 saturation (SaO2) decreased during maximum exercise compared with rest in AH and after 2W and 8W: 73.3 +/- 1.4, 76.9 +/- 1.7, and 79.3 +/- 1.6%, respectively. After 8W, SaO2 in lowlanders was not significantly different from that in Aymaras (82.7 +/- 1%). An improved pulmonary gas exchange with acclimatization was evidenced by a decreased ventilatory equivalent of O2 after 8W: 59 +/- 4, 58 +/- 4, and 52 +/- 4 l x min x l O2(-1), respectively. The ventilatory equivalent of O2 reached levels not different from that of Aymaras (51 +/- 3 l x min x l O2(-1)). However, increases in exercise alveolar Po2 and PaO2 with acclimatization had no net effect on alveolar-arterial Po2 difference in lowlanders (10 +/- 1.3, 11 +/- 1.5, and 10 +/- 2.1 mmHg in AH, 2W, and 8W, respectively), which remained significantly higher than in Aymaras (1 +/- 1.4 mmHg). In conclusion, lowlanders substantially improve pulmonary gas exchange with acclimatization, but even acclimatization for 8 wk is insufficient to achieve levels reached by high-altitude natives.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/6565
ISSN: 0363-6119
DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00725.2003
Source: American Journal Of Physiology-Regulatory Integrative And Comparative Physiology[ISSN 0363-6119],v. 287 (5), p. R1202-R1208
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