Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/6535
Title: Exercise and bone mass in adults
Authors: Guadalupe-Grau, Amelia
Fuentes, Teresa
Guerra, Borja 
Calbet, Jose A. L. 
UNESCO Clasification: 2411 Fisiología humana
Keywords: Bone
Exercise
Training
Issue Date: 2009
Journal: Sports Medicine 
Abstract: There is a substantial body of evidence indicating that exercise prior to the pubertal growth spurt stimulates bone growth and skeletal muscle hypertrophy to a greater degree than observed during growth in non-physically active children. Bone mass can be increased by some exercise programmes in adults and the elderly, and attenuate the losses in bone mass associated with aging. This review provides an overview of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies performed to date involving training and bone measurements. Cross-sectional studies show in general that exercise modalities requiring high forces and/or generating high impacts have the greatest osteogenic potential. Several training methods have been used to improve bone mineral density (BMD) and content in prospective studies. Not all exercise modalities have shown positive effects on bone mass. For example, unloaded exercise such as swimming has no impact on bone mass, while walking or running has limited positive effects.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/6535
ISSN: 0112-1642
DOI: 10.2165/00007256-200939060-00002
Source: Sports Medicine[ISSN 0112-1642],v. 39 (6), p. 439-468
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