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Title: Data stream mininga applied to maximum wind forecasting in the Canary Islands
Authors: Sanchez-Medina, Javier J. 
Antonio Guerra-Montenegro, Juan
Sanchez-Rodriguez, David 
Alonso-González, Itziar G. 
Navarro-Mesa, Juan L. 
UNESCO Clasification: 120304 Inteligencia artificial
Keywords: Artificial neural-networks
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Sensors 
Abstract: The Canary Islands are a well known tourist destination with generally stable and clement weather conditions. However, occasionally extreme weather conditions occur, which although very unusual, may cause severe damage to the local economy. The ViMetRi-MAC EU funded project has among its goals, managing climate-change-associated risks. The Spanish National Meteorology Agency (AEMET) has a network of weather stations across the eight Canary Islands. Using data from those stations, we propose a novel methodology for the prediction of maximum wind speed in order to trigger an early alert for extreme weather conditions. The methodology proposed has the added value of using an innovative kind of machine learning that is based on the data stream mining paradigm. This type of machine learning system relies on two important features: models are learned incrementally and adaptively. That means the learner tunes the models gradually and endlessly as new observations are received and also modifies it when there is concept drift (statistical instability), in the modeled phenomenon. The results presented seem to prove that this data stream mining approach is a good fit for this kind of problem, clearly improving the results obtained with the accumulative non-adaptive version of the methodology.
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s19102388
Source: Sensors [ISSN 1424-8220], v. 19 (10)
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