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Title: Influence of treatment and refrigeration time on antimicrobial activity of goat and sheep colostrum
Authors: Ruiz-Diaz, Maria D.
Argüello, Anastasio 
Padilla, Daniel 
Earley, Bernadette
Castro, Noemi 
UNESCO Clasification: Investigación
Keywords: Antimicrobial activity
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Journal of Dairy Research 
Abstract: The aim of the studies presented in this research communication was to compare species of origin (goat and sheep) and the effect of treatment (pasteurization at 56, 63 and 72 °C, skimming and curding) and refrigeration time on colostrum antimicrobial activity (AnAc). Two experiments were performed. In experiment 1, twenty-four first milking colostrum samples were obtained (12 goats, 12 sheep) and an aliquot of each sample was subjected to 6 different treatments, control (untreated), pasteurization at 56, 63 and 72 °C, skimming and curding. Colostrum AnAc was tested directly against E. coli using disks in a Petri dish and Enrofloxacin (antibiotic) and saline serum as positive and negative control, respectively. Species had no effect (P > 0.05) on colostrum AnAc, and neither did pasteurization at different temperatures or skimming. However, curding showed the lowest colostrum AnAc (P < 0.05) in both species. In the second experiment, four treatments were assayed, control, pasteurization at 56 and 63 °C and skimming. An aliquot of twelve goat colostrum samples were refrigerated after treatments for 10 d at 4 °C. Colostrum AnAc was measured at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 d. A reduction in colostrum AnAc was observed due to refrigeration time. The results suggest that if farmers use frozen colostrum for neonates, the process of curding colostrum or refrigeration at 4 °C longer than 4 d is not recommended.
ISSN: 0022-0299
DOI: 10.1017/S0022029919000657
Source: Journal of Dairy Research [ISSN 0022-0299], v. 86 (4), p. 450-453
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