Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/59953
Title: The genomic history of the Iberian Peninsula over the past 8000 years
Authors: Olalde, Inigo
Mallick, Swapan
Patterson, Nick
Rohland, Nadin
Villalba-Mouco, Vanessa
Silva, Marina
Dulias, Katharina
Edwards, Ceiridwen J.
Gandini, Francesca
Pala, Maria
Soares, Pedro
Foix, Arturo Oliver
Borras, Montserrat Sanz
Sousa, Ana Catarina
Encinas, Julio Manuel Vidal
Kennett, Douglas J.
Richards, Martin B.
Alt, Kurt Werner
Haak, Wolfgang
Pinhasi, Ron
Lalueza-Fox, Carles
Ferrando-Bernal, Manuel
Reich, David
Adamski, Nicole
Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen
Cheronet, Olivia
Culleton, Brendan J.
Fernandes, Daniel
Lawson, Ann Marie
Mah, Matthew
Oppenheimer, Jonas
Stewardson, Kristin
Zhang, Zhao
Arenas, Juan Manuel Jimenez
Moyano, Isidro Jorge Toro
Salazar-Garcia, Domingo C.
Castanyer, Pere
Santos, Marta
Tremoleda, Joaquim
Lozano, Marina
Borja, Pablo Garcia
Fernandez-Eraso, Javier
Mujika-Alustiza, Jose Antonio
Barroso, Cecilio
Bermudez, Francisco J.
Minguez, Enrique Viguera
Burch, Josep
Coromina, Neus
Vivo, David
Cebria, Artur
Fullola, Josep Maria
Garcia-Puchol, Oreto
Morales, Juan Ignacio
Oms, F. Xavier
Majo, Tona
Verges, Josep Maria
Diaz-Carvajal, Antonia
Ollich-Castanyer, Imma
Lopez-Cachero, F. Javier
Silva, Ana Maria
Alonso-Fernandez, Carmen
De Castro, German Delibes 
Echevarria, Javier Jimenez
Moreno-Marquez, Adolfo
Berlanga, Guillermo Pascual
Ramos-Garcia, Pablo
Munoz, Jose Ramos
Vila, Eduardo Vijande
Arzo, Gustau Aguilella
Arroyo, Angel Esparza
Lillios, Katina T.
Mack, Jennifer
Velasco Vázquez, Francisco Javier 
Waterman, Anna
Enrich, Luis Benitez De Lugo
Sanchez, Maria Benito
Agusti, Bibiana
Codina, Ferran
De Prado, Gabriel
Estalrrich, Almudena
Flores, Alvaro Fernandez
Finlayson, Clive
Finlayson, Geraldine
Finlayson, Stewart
Giles-Guzman, Francisco
Rosas, Antonio
Gonzalez, Virginia Barciela
Atienzar, Gabriel Garcia
Perez, Mauro S. Hernandez
Llanos, Armando
Marco, Yolanda Carrion
Beneyto, Isabel Collado
Lopez-Serrano, David
Tormo, Mario Sanz
Valera, Antonio C.
Blasco, Concepcion
Liesau, Corina
Rios, Patricia
Daura, Joan
de Pedro Micho, Maria Jesus
Diez-Castillo, Agustin A.
Fernandez, Raul Flores
Farre, Joan Frances
Garrido-Pena, Rafael
Goncalves, Victor S.
Guerra-Doce, Elisa
Herrero-Corral, Ana Mercedes
Juan-Cabanilles, Joaquim
Lopez-Reyes, Daniel
McClure, Sarah B.
Perez, Marta Merino
UNESCO Clasification: 24 Ciencias de la vida
550405 Prehistoria
Keywords: Peninsula Ibérica
Edad de Hierro
Iberian Peninsula
Iron Age
Genome, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Science 
Abstract: We assembled genome-wide data from 271 ancient Iberians, of whom 176 are from the largely unsampled period after 2000 BCE, thereby providing a high-resolution time transect of the Iberian Peninsula. We document high genetic substructure between northwestern and southeastern hunter-gatherers before the spread of farming. We reveal sporadic contacts between Iberia and North Africa by similar to 2500 BCE and, by similar to 2000 BCE, the replacement of 40% of Iberia's ancestry and nearly 100% of its Y-chromosomes by people with Steppe ancestry. We show that, in the Iron Age, Steppe ancestry had spread not only into Indo-European-speaking regions but also into non-Indo-European-speaking ones, and we reveal that present-day Basques are best described as a typical Iron Age population without the admixture events that later affected the rest of Iberia. Additionally, we document how, beginning at least in the Roman period, the ancestry of the peninsula was transformed by gene flow from North Africa and the eastern Mediterranean.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/59953
ISSN: 0036-8075
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav4040
Source: Science [ISSN 0036-8075], v. 363 (6432), p. 1230-1234
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