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Title: A Surface Ocean CO2 Reference Network, SOCONET and Associated Marine Boundary Layer CO2 Measurements
Authors: Wanninkhof, Rik
Pickers, Penelope A.
Omar, Abdirahman M.
Sutton, Adrienne
Murata, Akihiko
Olsen, Are
Stephens, Britton B.
Tilbrook, Bronte
Munro, David
Pierrot, Denis
Rehder, Gregor
Magdalena Santana-Casiano, J. 
Mueller, Jens D.
Trinanes, Joaquin
Tedesco, Kathy
O'Brien, Kevin
Currie, Kim
Barberols, Leticia
Telszewski, Maciej
Hoppema, Mario
Ishii, Masao
Gonzalez-Davila, Melchor 
Bates, Nicholas R.
Metzl, Nicolas
Suntharalingam, Parvadha
Feely, Richard A.
Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro
Lauvset, Siv K.
Takahashi, Taro
Steinhoff, Tobias
Schuster, Ute
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
Keywords: Carbon dioxide
Best practices
Issue Date: 2019
Project: Optimizing And Enhancing The Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System (Atlantos) 
Readiness Of Icos For Necessities Of Integrated Global Observations- Ringo 
Journal: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Abstract: The Surface Ocean CO2 NETwork (SOCONET) and atmospheric Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) CO2 measurements from ships and buoys focus on the operational aspects of measurements of CO2 in both the ocean surface and atmospheric MBLs. The goal is to provide accurate pCO(2) data to within 2 micro atmosphere (mu atm) for surface ocean and 0.2 parts per million (ppm) for MBL measurements following rigorous best practices, calibration and intercomparison procedures. Platforms and data will be tracked in near real-time and final quality-controlled data will be provided to the community within a year. The network, involving partners worldwide, will aid in production of important products such as maps of monthly resolved surface ocean CO2 and air-sea CO2 flux measurements. These products and other derivatives using surface ocean and MBL CO2 data, such as surface ocean pH maps and MBL CO2 maps, will be of high value for policy assessments and socio-economic decisions regarding the role of the ocean in sequestering anthropogenic CO2 and how this uptake is impacting ocean health by ocean acidification. SOCONET has an open ocean emphasis but will work with regional (coastal) networks. It will liaise with intergovernmental science organizations such as Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW), and the joint committee for and ocean and marine meteorology (JCOMM). Here we describe the details of this emerging network and its proposed operations and practices.
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00400
Source: Frontiers In Marine Science [ISSN 2296-7745], v. 6, 400
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