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Title: A multiproxy record of palaeoenvironmental conditions at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Abric del Pastor (Eastern Iberia)
Authors: Connolly, Rory
Jambrina-Enríquez, Margarita
Herrera-Herrera, Antonio V.
Vidal Matutano, Paloma 
Fagoaga, Ana
Marquina-Blasco, Rafael
Marin-Monfort, María Dolores
Ruíz-Sánchez, Francisco Javier
Laplana, César
Bailon, Salvador
Pérez, Leopoldo
Leierer, Lucia
Hernández, Cristo M.
Galván, Bertila
Mallol, Carolina
UNESCO Clasification: 550405 Prehistoria
550501 Arqueología
Keywords: Pleistocene
Middle Palaeolithic
Neanderthals, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Quaternary Science Reviews 
Abstract: This paper presents a multiproxy palaeoenvironmental study from Abric del Pastor (Alcoy, Spain), a rock shelter which has yielded evidence for Middle Palaeolithic human occupation. The sedimentary sequence has been analysed for lipid biomarker n-alkane abundances (ACL, CPI), compound specific leaf wax d2H and d13C, and bulk organic geochemistry (TOC, %N, %S), providing a record of past climate and local vegetation dynamics. Site formation processes have been reconstructed through the application of soil micromorphology. Analyses of anthracological, microvertebrate and macrofaunal assemblages from selected subunits are also presented here. Our data indicates that a variable climate marked by predominantly cold conditions persisted through most of the sequence and that Neanderthal occupations in stratigraphic unit IVd, assigned to MIS 4 or late MIS 5, occurred in a landscape setting characterised by a mosaic of biotopes. The presence of key resources inside the ravine where the site is located suggests that the occupation of the rock shelter may have been strategically motivated by a subsistence and mobility strategy which focused on zones of localised ecological resilience, such as intra-mountainous valleys or ravines, during periods of global or regional environmental downturn.
ISSN: 0277-3791
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.106023
Source: Quaternary Science Reviews [ISSN 0277-3791], v. 225, 106023
Appears in Collections:Artículos
Connolly et al. 2019
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