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Title: Angiogenic response in an in vitro model of dog microvascular endothelial cells stimulated with antigenic extracts from Dirofilaria immitis adult worms
Authors: Zueva, Tatiana
Morchón, Rodrigo
Carretón Gomez, Elena 
Montoya Alonso, José Alberto 
Santana, Alexis
Bargues, María Dolores
Mas-Coma, Santiago
Rodríguez-Barbero, Alicia
Simón, Fernando
UNESCO Clasification: 3109 Ciencias veterinarias
Keywords: Angiogenic factors
Canine microvascular endothelial cells
Dirofilaria immitis antigenic extracts
Pseudocapillaries formation
Wolbachia amount
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Parasites and Vectors 
Abstract: Background:Angiogenesis can occur under pathological conditions when stimuli such as inflammation, vascular obstruction or hypoxia exist. These stimuli are present in cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis (Dirofilaria immitis). The aim of this study was to analyze the capacity of D. immitis antigens to modify the expression of angiogenic factors and trig‑ger the formation of pseudocapillaries (tube‑like structures) in an in vitro model of endothelial cells.Methods:The expression of VEGF‑A, sFlt, mEndoglin and sEndoglin in cultures of canine microvascular endothelial cells stimulated with extract of adult worms of D. immitis obtained from an untreated dog (DiSA) and from a dog treated for 15 days with doxycycline (tDiSA), was determined by using commercial kits. The capacity of pseudocapil‑lary formation was evaluated analyzing cell connections and cell groups in Matrigel cell cultures stimulated with DiSA and tDiSA. In both cases non‑stimulated cultures were used as controls.Results:First, we demonstrated that worms obtained from the dog treated with doxycycline showed a significantly lower amount of Wolbachia (less than 60%) than worms removed from the untreated dog. Only DiSA was able to significantly increase the expression of the proangiogenic factor VEGF‑A in the endotelial cells cultures. None of the D. immitis extracts modified the expression of sFlt. tDiSA extract was able to modify the expression of the endoglins, sig‑nificantly decreasing the expression of the pro‑angiogenic mEndoglin and increasing the anti‑angiogenic sEndoglin. The formation of pseudocapillaries was negatively influenced by tDiSA, which reduced the organization and number of cellular connections.Conclusions:The ability of antigens from adult D. immitis worms to modify the expression of pro and anti‑angio‑genic factors in endotelial cell cultures was demonstrated, as well as the trend to form pseudocapillaries in vitro. The capacity of stimulation may be linked to the amount of Wolbachia present in the antigenic extracts.
ISSN: 1756-3305
DOI: 10.1186/s13071-019-3570-0
Source: Parasites and Vectors [ISSN 1756-3305], v. 12, Article number: 315 (2019)
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