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Title: Tannin content and chemical composition of unconventional and conventional feed for ruminants
Authors: Gil, Vanessa
Rey, Luis
Barberá, Marta
Castañón, José I.R. 
Ventura, Myriam R. 
UNESCO Clasification: 3109 Ciencias veterinarias
Keywords: Opuntia
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Agriculture and Forestry / Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo 
Abstract: An interesting challenge for animal nutrition scientists is introduce alternative feedstuffs that would help them overcome the issues of environmental harshness and the forages high production costs in tropical, subtropical and arid areas. The objective of this study was to contribute to the characterization of nutritional potential of unconventional and conventional feed with special attention to the profiles of phenolic compounds and condensed tannin, which could cause effects on meat and milk composition, when consumed in large quantities by animals. The species were: Opuntia ficus-indica, Agave Americano, Arundo donax, used for farmers to feed animals from wild populations and Triticum spp, Avena spp, Hordeum spp and Pisum spp, species natives cultivated as forages for animals, from seeds of species conserved by farmers in the Canary Islands (Spain). Nutrient content and the profiles in secondary compounds would differ between species and that their quantity and qualitative interactions would influence nutritive value. Crude protein (CP) was: 4.2% (Opuntia ficus-indica), 6.7% (Agave Americano), 10.7% (Arundo donax), 11.2% (Hordeum spp), 12.6 % (Triticum spp), 13.9% (Avena spp) and 18.4%, Pisum spp). Condensed tannins ranged from 0.0% (Opuntia ficus-indica ) to 2% (Pisum spp), and total phenols from 0.6% (Hordeum spp) to 9.2% (Pisum spp ). Organic matter digestibility (OMD) ranged from 46% (Triticum spp) to 88.6% (Agave Americano). Based on IVOMD, digestible energy of the different species was estimated to range from 6.5 to 11.8 MJ DE/kg DM. Current results support the thesis that, some alternative local feedstuffs have potential to be used in ruminant feeding strategies.
ISSN: 0554-5579
DOI: 10.17707/AgricultForest.62.4.01
Source: Agriculture and Forestry / Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo [ISSN 0554-5579], v. 62 (4), p. 5-10
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