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Title: Feed spacer geometries and permeability coefficients. Effect on the performance in BWRO spriral-wound membrane modules
Authors: Ruiz-García, Alejandro 
Nuez Pestana, Ignacio de la 
UNESCO Clasification: 3308 Ingeniería y tecnología del medio ambiente
330806 Regeneración del agua
Keywords: Reverse osmosis
Feed spacers
Spiral-wound membrane modules
Membrane performance
Filled Channels, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Water (Switzerland) 
Abstract: Reverse osmosis (RO) is the most widely used technology to desalinate brackish water and seawater. Significant efforts have been made in recent decades to improve RO efficiency. Feed spacer geometry design is a very important factor in RO membrane performance. In this work, correlations based on computational fluid dynamics and experimental work were applied in an algorithm to simulate the effect of different feed spacer geometries in full-scale brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) membranes with different permeability coefficients. The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of feed spacers in conjunction with the permeability coefficients on membrane performance. The results showed a greater impact of feed spacer geometries in the membrane with the highest water permeability coefficient (A). Studying only one single element in a series, variations due to feed spacer geometries were observed in specific energy consumption ( SEC ) and permeate concentration ( Cp ) of about 6.83% and 10.42%, respectively. Allowing the rolling of commercial membranes with different feed spacer geometries depending on the operating conditions could optimize the RO process.
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w11010152
Source: Water (Switzerland) [ISSN 2073-4441], v. 11 (1), p. 152
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