Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/54862
Title: Diet and Healthy Patterns in the Elderly
Authors: Roman-Viñas, Blanca
Serra-Majem, Lluís 
UNESCO Clasification: 3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Mediterranean diet
Physical activity
Aged 65 and older
Healthy lifestyle
Longevity
Issue Date: 2014
Journal: Current Nutrition Reports 
Abstract: In western countries, populations are aging due to progress in the prevention of infectious diseases and living standards. Following a healthy lifestyle should reduce the burden of disease and avoid loss of function and disability at older ages. The purpose of this review was to analyze the relationship between adhering to the Mediterranean diet, being a nonsmoker, and doing regular physical activity and health in individuals older than 65 years. A search in MEDLINE showed that most of the studies were conducted in non-Mediterranean countries, most of them used similar methods to evaluate adherence to the Mediterranean Diet as well as smoking habits. Self-reported methods were used for measuring physical activity, but there were no coincidence regarding the timeframe, domain, or quantification. The main results of all studies indicated a reduction in the overall mortality, incidence of cardiovascular disease, and functional capacity for those individuals older than 65 years following a healthy lifestyle. Some, but not all, of the reviewed studies showed a protective role for cognitive decline.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/54862
ISSN: 2161-3311
DOI: 10.1007/s13668-014-0081-7
Source: Current Nutrition Reports [ISSN 2161-3311], v. 3 (2), p. 69-87
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