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Title: HUMANN-based systems for differential diagnosis of dementia using neuropsychological tests
Authors: García Báez, P.
Fernández Viadero, C.
Pérez Del Pino, Miguel Angel 
Procházka, A.
Suárez Araujo, C. P. 
UNESCO Clasification: 120304 Inteligencia artificial
3201 Ciencias clínicas
Keywords: Biomedical measurement
Medical diagnostic computing
Neural nets, et al
Issue Date: 2010
Conference: 14th International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems, INES 2010 
Abstract: In a clinical context, dementia refers to a syndrome of acquired cognitive deterioration that can be associated with various potential stages of the disease. The two most common variations of this disease are Alzheimer type dementia and Vascular type dementia, although there are other forms known as mixed dementia. All of these forms can be associated with different patterns of anatomical affectation, different risk factors, multiple diagnostic characteristics and multiple profiles of neuropsychological tests, making the differential diagnosis of dementias (DDD) very complex. In this paper we propose new diagnostic tools based on a data fusion scheme using artificial neural networks and ensemble systems, which offer important advantages referring to other computational solutions. We have designed two HUMANN-S based systems, with capacity of processing missing data. We explore their ability for DDD using a battery of cognitive and functional/instrumental neuropsychological tests. We carried out a comparative study between these systems and an clinical expert, reaching these systems a higher level of performance than the expert. Our proposal is a smart and effective complementary method to assist the diagnosis of dementia both in specialized care as well as in primary care centres.
ISBN: 978-1-4244-7650-3
DOI: 10.1109/INES.2010.5483872
Source: INES 2010 - 14th International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems, Proceedings (5483872), p. 67-72
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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