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Title: Reproductive pattern and egg development of the deep-sea crab Paromola cuvieri (Brachyura, Homolidae) around the Canary Islands (NE Atlantic)
Authors: Triay-Portella, Rauel 
Gonzalez, Jose A. 
Santana, Jose I.
Garcia-Martin, Veronica
Romero, Marta
Jimenez-Martin, Santiago
Hernandez-Castro, Dailos
Pajuelo, Jose G. 
Keywords: Male Snow Crab
Affinis Milne-Edwards
Red Crab
Decapod Crustaceans
Geryon-Quinquedens, et al
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: 0967-0637
Project: MARPROF (MAC/2/M065), UE
Journal: Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 
Abstract: This work investigated the biology of Paromola cuvieri in the Atlantic Ocean, including reproductive patterns, sex structure, depth distribution and egg development. Females were more abundant than males, mainly at depths greater than 600 m. Males were dominant in size classes larger than 110 mm carapace width (CW), especially over 120 mm, for which only males were observed. The mean length of both sexes decreased with depth. P. cuvieri appears to have continuous reproduction throughout the year. Large females tend to spawn mainly between summer and winter, but smaller females spawn during the summer. Four maturity categories were identified based on the ovary colour, and these categories were histologically validated. Three categories of testes were identified according to their colour and morphology. Sexual maturity was estimated at sizes between 71.6 and 74.0 mm CW for females and at 91.0 mm CW for males. The relative growth showed changes along the ontogeny, at 73.6 mm CW (females) and 91.3-92.2 mm CW (males). Egg development appears to not be completely synchronous, and two colour patterns can be observed simultaneously. Four stages of egg development were found: eggs undivided and fully filled with yolk in orange egg masses; eggs with a free region of yolk visible in orange or red egg masses; embryos with slightly pigmented, crescent-shaped eyes in brown egg masses; and embryos with visible pigmented structures, enlarged eyes, segmented appendages and abdomen in brown egg masses. The mean number of external eggs carried by females in stage I was estimated to be 315,753 +/- 19,267. Three species of barnacle were observed on the exoskeleton: Poecilasma aurantia, Poecilasma crassa and Heteralepas microstoma (Cirripedia, Thoracica). (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0967-0637
DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.12.001
Source: Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers[ISSN 0967-0637],v. 85, p. 1-14
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