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Title: Use of a marine microbial community as inoculum for biomethane production
Authors: Fistarol, Giovana O.
Rosato, Mario
Thompson, Fabiano L.
Do Valle, Rogerio de A. B.
Garcia-BlairsyReina, Guillermo
Salomon, Paulo S.
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
Keywords: Biogas
Marine bacteria
Methanogenic bacteria
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) 
Abstract: Marine substrates are prominent candidates for the production of biofuels, especially for biogas, which is a well-established technology that accepts different types of substrates for its production. However, the use of marine substrates in bioreactors may cause inhibition of methanogenic bacteria due to the addition of seasalts. Here, we explore a simple and economically viable way to circumvent the problem of inoculum inhibition. Based on the current knowledge of the diversity of microorganisms in marine sediments, we tested the direct use of methanogenic bacteria from an anoxic marine environment as inoculum for biomethane production. Both marine and freshwater substrates were added to this inoculum. No pretreatment (that may have enhanced methane production, but would have made the process more expensive) was applied either to the inoculum or to the substrates. For comparison, the same substrates were added to a standard inoculum (cow manure). Both the marine inoculum and cow manure produced methane by anaerobic digestion of the substrates added. The highest methane production (0.299 m3 kg VS-1) was obtained by adding marine microalgae biomass (Chlorella sp. and Synechococcus sp.) to the marine inoculum. No inhibitory effects were observed due to differences in salinity between the inocula and substrates. Our results indicate the potential of using both marine inoculum and substrates for methane production.
ISSN: 0959-3330
DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2015.1069900
Source: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) [ISSN 0959-3330], v. 37 (3), p. 360-368
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