Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/52507
Title: Relative echogenicity of tendons and ligaments of the palmar metacarpal region in foals from birth to 4 months of age: A longitudinal study
Authors: Spinella, Giuseppe
Britti, Domenico
Loprete, Giovanni
Musella, Vincenzo
Romagnoli, Noemi
Vilar, Jose M. 
Valentini, Simona
UNESCO Clasification: 3109 Ciencias veterinarias
Keywords: Digital Flexor Tendons
Cross-Sectional Area
Ultrasonographic Tissue Characterization
Mean Echogenicity
Equine Tendons, et al
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: PLoS ONE 
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate relative echogenicity of superficial and deep digital flexor tendons, the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon and interosseous muscle of the metacarpal region in foals ages 1 week to 4 months; and assess the association between echogenicity and sex or side/laterality. Seven Standardbred trotter foals were examined. Right and left metacarpal regions (palmar surface) were ultrasonographically investigated, and four regions of interest were assessed. A significant increase in echogenicity was seen in superficial and deep digital flexor tendons, accessory ligament of deep digital flexor tendon, and interosseous muscle during growth from 1 week to 4 months of age. Echogenicity of examined tendons and ligaments was not influenced by gender nor laterality. Reference values for tendon and ligament echogenicity could function as a tool to discriminate between physiological and abnormal conditions such as congenital contractural conditions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/52507
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159953
Source: PLoS ONE,v. 11 (e0159953)
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