Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/52475
Title: Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem
Authors: Wernberg, Thomas
Bennett, Scott
Babcock, Russell C.
De Bettignies, Thibaut
Cure, Katherine
Depczynski, Martial
Dufois, Francois
Fromont, Jane
Fulton, Christopher J.
Hovey, Renae K.
Harvey, Euan S.
Holmes, Thomas H.
Kendrick, Gary A.
Radford, Ben
Santana-Garcon, Julia
Saunders, Benjamin J.
Smale, Dan A.
Thomsen, Mads S.
Tuckett, Chenae A.
Tuya, Fernando 
Vanderklift, Mathew A.
Wilson, Shaun
UNESCO Clasification: 251092 Acuicultura marina
Keywords: Phase-Shifts
Coral-Reefs
Kelp Beds
El-Nino
Resilience, et al
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Science 
Abstract: Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters.This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/52475
ISSN: 0036-8075
DOI: 10.1126/science.aad8745
Source: Science [ISSN 0036-8075], v. 353 (6295), p. 169-172
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