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Title: Benchmarking the noise-oriented efficiency of major European airports: A directional distance function approach
Authors: Voltes-Dorta, Augusto 
Martín, Juan Carlos 
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Airport noise
Directional distance function
Environmental efficiency
Malmquist-Luenberger index
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review 
Abstract: The EU Environmental Noise Directive (END) requires member states to produce noise action plans for all major airports every five years. Using that data, this paper employs a directional distance function approach to estimate noise-oriented efficiency of 60 European airports between 2006 and 2011. Technical change is calculated using the Malmquist productivity index. The results indicate that European airports have improved their noise efficiency between 2006 and 2011, and some degree of convergence in noise performance across countries is seen. Larger aircraft size is linked to better noise performance. Inefficient airports would also benefit from more stringent night movement limits.
ISSN: 1366-5545
DOI: 10.1016/j.tre.2016.04.015
Source: Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review[ISSN 1366-5545],v. 91, p. 259-273
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