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Title: Floriceps saccatus plerocerci (Trypanorhyncha, Lacistorhynchidae) as parasites of dolphin fish (Coryphaena hippurus L.) and Pompano dolphin (Coryphaena equiselis L.) in Western Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic Waters. Ecological and biological aspects
Authors: Carbonell, E.
Castro, J. J. 
Massuti, E.
UNESCO Clasification: 240114-4 Taxonomía animal. Peces
2401 Biología animal (zoología)
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: 0022-3395
Journal: Journal of Parasitology 
Abstract: A study of the plerocerci of Floriceps saccatus from the abdominal cavity of dolphin fish (Coryphaena hippurus) and pompano dolphin (Coryphaena equiselis) was conducted. In all, 565 dolphin fish es were collected from Majorcan waters (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean) during 3 summer and autumn seasons (1990, 1991, and 1995). From the Canary Islands (eastern Atlantic), 41 specimens of dolphin fish were caught during 1994 and 49 specimens of pompano dolphin during 1995. Cysts of different shapes and sizes appeared in the conjunctive tissues of the abdomen and viscera, mainly in the liver, gonads, and pancreas. A larva was found inside every cyst examined. Small, medium size, and large larvae were found . The largest larvae correspond to Floriceps saccatus plerocercoids. Stomach contents indicated that crustaceans and fish larvae were the main prey items of juvenile C. hippurus, whereas teleosts and cephalopods were the only food found in adult dolphin fishes. Infection of F. saccatus plerocercoids takes place in preadult dolphin fishes. Prevalence increases as fishes grow and change to a diet of teleosts. Coryphaena equiselis was not infected.
ISSN: 0022-3395
DOI: 10.2307/3284640
Source: Journal of Parasitology [ISSN 0022-3395], v. 84, p. 1035-1039
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