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Title: Sex and reproduction of the alfonsino Beryx splendens (Pisces, Berycidae) from the Macaronesian archipelagos
Authors: Gonzalez, JA 
Rico, V.
Lorenzo, J. M. 
Reis, S.
Pajuelo, J. G. 
Dias, M. Afonso
Mendonça, A.
Krug, H. M.
Pinho, M. R.
UNESCO Clasification: 310510 Dinámica de las poblaciones
Keywords: Deep-Demersal Fish
Agulhas Bank, et al
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: 0175-8659
Journal: Journal of Applied Ichthyology 
Abstract: This paper provides comparative information on the reproductive biology of the alfonsino, Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834, species with commercial interest in the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. A total of 846 individuals from Azores (14.0–42.0 cm fork length), 621 from Madeira (17.2–50.0 cm fork length) and 643 from the Canaries (18.2–38.9 cm fork length) were used for the study. The alfonsino is gonochoric with no evidence of sexual dimorphism. Females are more abundant than males; this dominance probably reflects certain differences in the spatial distribution and/or the catchability of males and females in the Macaronesian archipelagos. The spawning season was distinct for the three Macaronesian areas, with an observed North–South variation in the reproductive period: September–March in the Azores, March–June in Madeira and July–September in the Canary Islands. The size at sexual maturity estimated for Madeira and the Canary Islands is similar (32 and 30 cm fork length, respectively), while for the Azores it is reached at smaller length (23 cm fork length). The differences observed in the size at sexual maturity can be explained by the different exploitation levels in each archipelago. Life‐history parameters of the alfonsino suggest that this species has a specialistic life‐history strategy and fisheries based on this species are more susceptible to growth overfishing and population depletion.
ISSN: 0175-8659
DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00358.x
Source: Journal of Applied Ichthyology [ISSN 0175-8659], v. 19, p. 104-108
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