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Title: Genetic diagnosis of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease using multiplex-PCR
Authors: Buset Ríos, N.
Rodriguez Perez, J. C. 
Sánchez, J. J. 
Hernández, C. R.
Hernández, E.
Torres Galván, M. J.
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: 0211-6995
Journal: Nefrologia 
Abstract: Background: Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is the most common life-threatening hereditary disease. Molecular analysis with highly polymorphic short tandem repeats, located in the vicinity of the two genes responsible for the disease (PKD1 and PKD2), is used to confirm diagnosis and give genetic counseling to members of affected families. Methods: We have developed a new assay to genotype five PKD1 and four PKD2 markers, based on two multiplex PCR reactions, and capillary electrophoresis analysis. A total of 110 subjects, belonging to 14 affected families, were genotyped to confirm the concordance with the singleplex method used previously. Results: The amplicons ranged from 95 to 154 bp in length, and complete STR profiles were obtained from 1-5 ng DNA. The specificity of the multiplex PCR system was 88,5% (95% CI= 75,9-95,2), and the sensitivity, 87,9 (95% CI= 76,1-94,6). Conclusions: This is a useful strategy that, together with automated computer-based allele detection, allows reliable, simple, faster, and cheaper genetic analysis than the previous singleplex method.
ISSN: 0211-6995
DOI: 10.3265/NEFROLOGIA.2009.29.4.5360.EN.FULL
Source: Nefrologia[ISSN 0211-6995],v. 29 (4), p. 327-330
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