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Title: Tourists' preferences for congestion, residents' welfare and the ecosystems in a national park
Authors: León González, Carmelo Javier 
de León, Javier 
Araña, Jorge E. 
González, Matías M. 
Keywords: Discrete-Choice Experiments
Scale-Perception Bias
Contingent Valuation
Management, et al
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 0921-8009
Journal: Ecological Economics 
Abstract: The management of national parks and natural areas often faces a balance between the residents' welfare, the tourist activity and the pressure on ecosystems. This paper assesses the benefits for a set of policies designed to address tourist congestion, the increase in the welfare of the local populations, and the improvements in the ecosystem services (coral reefs, mangroves, dry forests, and coastal and sandy ecosystems). We utilize a discrete choice experiment approach with the consideration of potential heterogeneity. Results show that there are three segments of visitors with different preferences for the proposed policies. Those tourists with higher values for the environmental policies and welfare of the local communities also share a preference for a lower level of congestion at the natural areas. The results have implications for managing natural areas at tourist destinations. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0921-8009
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.07.003
Source: Ecological Economics[ISSN 0921-8009],v. 118, p. 21-29
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