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Title: Induction of proinflammatory cytokines in human lung epithelial cells during Rhodococcus equi infection
Authors: Remuzgo-Martínez, Sara
Pilares-Ortega, Lilian
Álvarez-Rodríguez, Lorena
Aranzamendi-Zaldunbide, Maitane
Padilla, Daniel 
Manuel Icardo, Jose
Ramos-Vivas, Jose
Keywords: Escherichia-Coli
Virulence Plasmid
Interleukin-8, et al
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: 0022-2615
Journal: Journal of Medical Microbiology 
Abstract: Rhodococcus equi is an opportunistic human pathogen associated with immunosuppressed people. While the interaction of R. equi with macrophages has been comprehensively studied, little is known about its interactions with non-phagocytic cells. Here, we characterized the entry process of this bacterium into human lung epithelial cells. The invasion is inhibited by nocodazole and wortmannin, suggesting that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway and microtubule cytoskeleton are important for invasion. Pre-incubation of R. equi with a rabbit anti-R. equi polyclonal antiserum resulted in a dramatic reduction in invasion. Also, the invasion process as studied by immunofluorescence and scanning electron microscopy indicates that R. equi make initial contact with the microvilli of the A549 cells, and at the structural level, the entry process was observed to occur via a zipper-like mechanism. Infected lung epithelial cells upregulate the expression of cytokines IL-8 and IL-6 upon infection. The production of these pro-inflammatory cytokines was significantly enhanced in culture supernatants from cells infected with non-mucoid plasmid-less strains when compared with cells infected with mucoid strains. These results demonstrate that human airway epithelial cells produce pro-inflammatory mediators against R. equi isolates.
ISSN: 0022-2615
DOI: 10.1099/jmm.0.056234-0
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology[ISSN 0022-2615],v. 62, p. 1144-1152
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