Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/50964
Title: Insufficient ventilation as a cause of impaired pulmonary gas exchange during submaximal exercise
Authors: Holmberg, H. C.
Calbet, Jose L. 
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Desaturation
Elite
Fatigue
Lung
Performance
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: 1569-9048
Journal: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 
Abstract: Pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange were determined during prolonged skiing (∼76% of ̇VO2,max; cardiac output = 26–27 L min−1) using diagonal technique (DIA) for 40 min followed by 10 min of double poling (DPOL) and 10 min of leg skiing (LEG). Exercise caused∼2–5%reduction of arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2). For a given cardiac output and ̇VO2, DPOL presented higher ̇VE, lower PaCO2and a more efficient pulmonary gas exchange, revealed by higher PAO2and PaO2and lower A–aDO2. The A–aDO2widened 2 mmHg L−1of cardiac output increase. However, for a given cardiac output and ̇VO2, exercise mode had an important influence on pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange. Highly trained cross-country skiers’ present about 2 units reduction in SaO2from resting values during submaximal exercise at 76% of ̇VO2,max. Half of the reductionin saturation is accounted for by the rightward-shift of the oxygen dissociation curve of the haemoglobin. The exercise duration has almost no repercussion on pulmonary gas exchange in these athletes, with the small effect on SaO2 associated to the increase in body core temperatur.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/50964
ISSN: 1569-9048
DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2006.12.013
Source: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology[ISSN 1569-9048],v. 157 (2-3), p. 348-359
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