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Title: Cytokine and hormone responses to resistance training
Authors: Izquierdo, Mikel 
Ibañez, Javier
Calbet, Jose A. L. 
Navarro-Amezqueta, Ion
González-Izal, Miriam
Idoate, Fernando
Häkkinen, Keijo
Kraemer, William J.
Palacios-Sarrasqueta, Mercedes
Almar, Mar
Gorostiaga, Esteban M.
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Serum hormones
Resistance training
Muscle power
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: 1439-6319
Journal: European Journal of Applied Physiology 
Abstract: This study examined the effects of heavy resistance training on physiological acute exercise-induced fatigue (5 × 10 RM leg press) changes after two loading protocols with the same relative intensity (%) (5 × 10 RMRel) and the same absolute load (kg) (5 × 10 RMAbs) as in pretraining in men (n = 12). Exercise-induced neuromuscular (maximal strength and muscle power output), acute cytokine and hormonal adaptations (i.e., total and free testosterone, cortisol, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 and metabolic responses (i.e., blood lactate) were measured before and after exercise. The resistance training induced similar acute responses in serum cortisol concentration but increased responses in anabolic hormones of FT and GH, as well as inflammation-responsive cytokine IL-6 and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, when the same relative load was used. This response was balanced by a higher release of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and cytokine inhibitors (IL-1ra) when both the same relative and absolute load was used after training. This enhanced hormonal and cytokine response to strength exercise at a given relative exercise intensity after strength training occurred with greater accumulated fatigue and metabolic demand (i.e., blood lactate accumulation). The magnitude of metabolic demand or the fatigue experienced during the resistance exercise session influences the hormonal and cytokine response patterns. Similar relative intensities may elicit not only higher exercise-induced fatigue but also an increased acute hormonal and cytokine response during the initial phase of a resistance training period.
ISSN: 1439-6319
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-009-1139-x
Source: European Journal Of Applied Physiology[ISSN 1439-6319],v. 107 (4), p. 397-409
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