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Title: Exercise-induced pyruvate dehydrogenase activation is not affected by 7 days of bed rest
Authors: Kiilerich, Kristian
Ringholm, Stine
Biensø, Rasmus S.
Fisher, James P.
Iversen, Ninna
Van Hall, Gerrit
Jørgen, F. P.Wojtaszewski
Saltin, Bengt
Lundby, Carsten
Calbet, Jose A. L. 
Pilegaard, Henriette
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: glucose intolerance
human skeletal muscle
physical inactivity
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: 8750-7587
Journal: Journal of Applied Physiology 
Abstract: To test the hypothesis that physical inactivity impairs the exercise-induced modulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), six healthy normally physically active male subjects completed 7 days of bed rest. Before and immediately after the bed rest, the subjects completed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and a one-legged knee extensor exercise bout [45 min at 60% maximal load (Wmax)] with muscle biopsies obtained from vastus lateralis before, immediately after exercise, and at 3 h of recovery. Blood samples were taken from the femoral vein and artery before and after 40 min of exercise. Glucose intake elicited a larger (P 0.05) insulin response after bed rest than before, indicating glucose intolerance. There were no differences in lactate release/uptake across the exercising muscle before and after bed rest, but glucose uptake after 40 min of exercise was larger (P 0.05) before bed rest than after. Muscle glycogen content tended to be higher (0.05 P 0.10) after bed rest than before, but muscle glycogen breakdown in response to exercise was similar before and after bed rest. PDH-E1 protein content did not change in response to bed rest or in response to the exercise intervention. Exercise increased (P 0.05) the activity of PDH in the active form (PDHa) and induced (P 0.05) dephosphorylation of PDH-E1 on Ser293, Ser295 and Ser300, with no difference before and after bed rest. In conclusion, although 7 days of bed rest induced whole body glucose intolerance, exercise-induced PDH regulation in skeletal muscle was not changed. This suggests that exercise-induced PDH regulation in skeletal muscle.
ISSN: 8750-7587
DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00063.2011
Source: Journal Of Applied Physiology[ISSN 8750-7587],v. 111 (3), p. 751-757
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