|Title:||The inducible isoform of CREM (inducible cAMP early repressor, ICER) is a repressor of CYP19 rat ovarian promoter||Authors:||Morales, V.
Ruiz de Galarreta, C. M.
Fanjul, L. F.
Granulosa-Cells, et al
|Issue Date:||2003||Publisher:||0022-0795||Journal:||Journal of Endocrinology||Abstract:||The synthesis of estradiol by the granulosa cells is a prominent event in ovarian physiology and depends on the expression of P450(AROM). FSH induces the expression of P450(AROM) in granulosa cells as a result of the presence in the ovarian promoter of a CRE (cAMP response element)like sequence (CLS). In rodents, LH downregulates aromatase expression during luteinization by an as yet undescribed mechanism. In granulosa cells, LH increases the expression of the inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER), an isoform of CREM (cAMP-responsive element modulator) that represses cAMP-induced transcription. The possibility that ICER represses the activity of the aromatase ovarian promoter, thus being part of the mechanism underlying the effects of LH was investigated. We have found that: (1) nuclear proteins from forskolin-stimulated granulosa cells were specifically bound to an oligonucleotide containing the CLS sequence of the CYP19 ovarian promoter and one out of the two protein-DNA complexes formed was supershifted by an anti-REM antibody; (2) in granulosa cells, forskolin-induced increases in P450(AROM) promoter luciferase reporter gene activity were prevented by the transient overexpression of ICER; (3) similar results were obtained in 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated R2C cells, a Leydig tumor cell line routinely used for the study of P450(AROM) promoter activity; (4) both ICER mRNA levels and P450(AROM) promoter-driven luciferase activity were elevated 6 and 12 h after stimulation of R2C cells with 8-Br-cAMP and were decreased 24 and 48 h later; (5) in an R2C polyclonal line overexpressing ICER, the promoter activity at early stages of stimulation was completely attenuated, while 24 and 48 h downregulation was prevented in another R2C line stably transfected with an antisense ICER construct. These results suggest that ICER represses CYP19 ovarian promoter and that LH-induced expression of ICER may serve to downregulate P450(AROM) transcription in granulosa cells during luteinization.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/50821||ISSN:||0022-0795||DOI:||10.1677/joe.0.1790417||Source:||Journal of Endocrinology[ISSN 0022-0795],v. 179, p. 417-425|
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