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Title: High prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in medical students in Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain)
Authors: González-Padilla, Esther
Soria Lopez, Adela
Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Elisa
Garcia-Santana, Sabrina
Mirallave-Pescador, Ana
Groba Marco, Maria del Val
Saavedra, Pedro
Quesada Gomez, Jose Manuel
Sosa Henriquez, Manuel 
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: 1575-0922
Journal: Endocrinología y Nutrición 
Abstract: Background: Vitamin D deficiency has been described in many diseases and indeed in the general population. However fewer reports have been published in young and healthy people. Vitamin D deficiency should not be found in medical students of the Canary Islands, because they have all the resources to avoid it. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in a population of medical students of both gender from the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Methods: 103 medical students of both genders from the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. They completed a questionnaire and a physical examination. Vitamin D (25- hydroxycholecalciferol [25-HCC]), parathyroid hormone, biochemical markers of bone remodeling and a general biochemical study were performed. Bone mineral density was assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine and the proximal femur. Quantitative ultrasounds parameters were measured at the calcaneus. Results: Only 38.8% of the students of Medicine (42.1% of males and 44.9% of females) have 25-HCC values higher than 30 ng/dl as widely recommended nowadays. Vitamin D deficiency (< 20 ng/ml) is observed in 32.6% and vitamin D insufficiency (< 30 ng/ml) in 28.6% of the students of Medicine in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Conclusion: Although they have optimal conditions for having good levels of vitamin D, near two thirds of the medical students in the Canaries have low values of vitamin D. © 2010 SEEN.
ISSN: 1575-0922
DOI: 10.1016/j.endonu.2011.03.002
Source: Endocrinologia y Nutricion[ISSN 1575-0922],v. 58, p. 267-273
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