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Title: A joint probability density function of wind speed and direction for wind energy analysis
Authors: Carta, José A. 
Ramírez, Penélope
Bueno, Celia
Keywords: Distributions
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: 0196-8904
Journal: Energy Conversion and Management 
Abstract: A very flexible joint probability density function of wind speed and direction is presented in this paper for use in wind energy analysis. A method that enables angular-linear distributions to be obtained with specified marginal distributions has been used for this purpose. For the marginal distribution of wind speed we use a singly truncated from below Normal-Weibull mixture distribution. The marginal distribution of wind direction comprises a finite mixture of von Mises distributions. The proposed model is applied in this paper to wind direction and wind speed hourly data recorded at several weather stations located in the Canary Islands (Spain). The suitability of the distributions is judged from the coefficient of determination R The conclusions reached are that the joint distribution proposed in this paper: (a) can represent unimodal, bimodal and bitangential wind speed frequency distributions, (b) takes into account the frequency Of null winds, (c) represents the wind direction regimes in zones with several modes or prevailing wind directions, (d) takes into account the correlation between wind speeds and its directions. It can therefore be used in several tasks involved in the evaluation process of the wind resources available at a potential site. We also conclude that, in the case of the Canary Islands, the proposed model provides better fits in all the cases analysed than those obtained with the models used in the specialised literature on wind energy. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0196-8904
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2008.01.010
Source: Energy Conversion and Management[ISSN 0196-8904],v. 49, p. 1309-1320
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