|Title:||Fluid evolution of rare-element and muscovite granitic pegmatites from central Galicia, NW Spain||Authors:||Fuertes-Fuente, M.
Boiron, M. C.
|UNESCO Clasification:||250611 Mineralogía||Keywords:||Molar Volume
Mineralization, et al
|Issue Date:||2000||Publisher:||0026-4598||Journal:||Mineralium Deposita||Abstract:||Fluid inclusions have been studied in three pegmatite fields in Galicia, NW Iberian Peninsula. Based on microthermometry and Raman spectroscopy, eight fluid systems have been recognized. The first fluid may be considered to be a pegmatitic fluid which is represented by daughter mineral (silicates)-rich aqueous inclusions. These inclusions are primary and formed above 500 °C (dissolution of daughter minerals). During pegmatite crystallization, this fluid evolved to a low-density, volatile-rich aqueous fluid with low salinity (93% H2O; 5% CO2; 0.5% CH4; 0.2% N2; 1.3% NaCl) at minimum P–T conditions around 3 ± 0.5 kbar and 420 °C. This fluid is related to rare-metal mineralization. The volatile enrichment may be due to mixing of magmatic fluids and fluids equilibrated with the host rock. A drop in pressure from 3 ± 0.5 to 1 kbar at a temperature above 420 °C, which may be due to the transition from predominantly lithostatic to hydrostatic pressure, is recorded by two-phase, water-rich inclusions with a low-density vapour phase (CO2, CH4 and N2). Another inclusion type is represented by two-phase, vapour-rich inclusions with a low-density vapour phase (CO2, CH4 and N2), indicating a last stage of decreasing temperature (360 °C) and pressure (around 0.5 kbar), probably due to progressive exhumation. Finally, volatile (CO2)-rich aqueous inclusions, aqueous inclusions (H2O-NaCl) and mixed-salt aqueous inclusions with low Th, are secondary in charac- ter and represent independent episodes of hydrothermal fluid circulation below 310 °C and 0.5 kbar.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/50087||ISSN:||0026-4598||DOI:||10.1007/s001260050245||Source:||Mineralium Deposita [ISSN 0026-4598], v. 35, p. 332-345|
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