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Title: A tandem array of Sp-1 sites and a reverse initiator element are both required for synergistic transcriptional activation of the T-cell-specific MAL gene
Authors: Tugores, Antonio 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
320102 Genética clínica
2407 Biología celular
Keywords: Lymphocyte activation
Molecular sequence data
Sequence analysis
Issue Date: 1997
Journal: DNA and Cell Biology 
Abstract: We have characterized the three cis elements responsible for promoter strength present in the 5'-flanking proximal region of MAL, a human T-cell-specific gene encoding a proteolipid protein present in detergent-insoluble complexes of high molecular weight. The first element consisted of an initiator sequence that, curiously, was present in reverse orientation compared to that of the standard initiator elements. The other two elements were contained in a region of 126 bp upstream of the mRNA initiation site, and consisted of a tandem array of one GC box and one GA box. The GC box corresponds to a consensus site for the nuclear factor Sp1, whereas the GA box deviates from this consensus, although it was able to compete for the binding of Sp1 in vitro and to respond to trans-activation by Sp1 in vivo. This simple promoter lacks an apparent TATA box and lost more than 99% of its activity when a fragment of 60 bp containing the GC and GA boxes was deleted. A synergistic effect on transcriptional activation was observed in the presence, but not in the absence, of the initiator element when both GC and GA boxes were present.
ISSN: 1044-5498
DOI: 10.1089/dna.1997.16.245
Source: DNA and Cell Biology[ISSN 1044-5498],v. 16, p. 245-255 (abril 1997)
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