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Title: Patterns of landscape and assemblage structure along a latitudinal gradient in ocean climate
Authors: Tuya, Fernando 
Cacabelos, Eva
Duarte, Pedro
Jacinto, David
Castro, Joao J. 
Silva, Teresa
Bertocci, Iacopo
Franco, Joao N.
Arenas, Francisco
Coca, Josep 
Wernberg, Thomas
UNESCO Clasification: 250501 Biogeografía
251005 Zoología marina
241705 Biología marina
Keywords: Latitude
Habitat structure
Assemblage structure
Kelps, et al
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: 0171-8630
Journal: Marine Ecology - Progress Series 
Abstract: The Portuguese coast has overlapping distributions of species of both boreal and Lusitanian origins; a large number of cold- and warm-water species have their southern or northern distributional range edges here. A latitudinal gradient in ocean climate, particularly sea surface temperature (SST) and primary production, has been described along this coast. Here, we took advantage of this gradient in ocean climate to explore affinities in the biogenic landscape structure of subtidal shallow reefs (the abundance of habitat patches), as well as in the assemblage structure of macroalgae and associated fishes, between each of 3 regions: Viana do Castelo (41.5°N), Peniche (39.2°N) and Sines (37.8°N). Five reefs were sampled to determine the abundance of biogenic habitats and the assemblage structure of macroalgae and fishes in each region. The structure of the landscape, and of macroalgal and fish assemblages, differed between Viana do Castelo and Peniche and between Viana do Castelo and Sines, but not between Peniche and Sines. Viana do Castelo was the only region with conspicuous kelp forests, while Peniche and Sines were dominated by patches of foliose turf-forming and filamentous algae. Our study revealed an abrupt macroecological change from northern Portugal to central and southern Portugal, suggesting a possible biogeographical reconfiguration and recognition of a wider transitional area from the Atlantic into Mediterranean waters.
ISSN: 0171-8630
DOI: 10.3354/meps09941
Source: Marine Ecology Progress Series [ISSN 0171-8630], v. 466, p. 9-19
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