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Title: Distribution of habits related to health in a female Canarian population
Authors: Navarro Rodríguez, M. C.
Sosa Henríquez, M. 
Saavedra Santana, Pedro 
Limiñana Cañal, J. M.
Calvo Fernández, J. R. 
Betancor León, P.
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: 0213-9111
Journal: Gaceta Sanitaria 
Abstract: BACKGROUND: To compare several anthropometric variables, obesity and some life-style (tobacco, coffee and alcohol consumption and physical activity during leisure time) in women 45 years old and older. METHODS: From the 1991 electoral roll, we obtained a population of 1221 women aged more than 45 years living in the island of Gran Canaria. A questionnaire and a physical examination including weight and height with light clothes was performed in every woman. Obesity was defined according to the Quetelet index, and weight (in kg) divided by height (in m) at square. RESULTS: Rural women aged more than 45 years old are heavier, have a larger corporal surface, have a higher Quetelet index, smoke less and do greater activity during leisure time than urban women the same age. We found no differences either in alcohol or coffee consumption. CONCLUSIONS: There are statistically significant differences between women that live in rural and urban habitats. Anthropometric variables (weight, corporal surface, Quetelet index) show higher values in rural women than in urban ones. On the other hand, tobacco consumption and sadentarism have a higher prevalence in the urban women compared to rural ones.
ISSN: 0213-9111
DOI: 10.1016/S0213-9111(97)71288-3
Source: Gaceta sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S[ISSN 0213-9111],v. 11, p. 131-135
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