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Title: Stomoxys calcitrans as possible vector of trypanosoma evansi among camels in an affected area of the Canary Islands, Spain
Authors: Rodríguez, Noé Francisco
Tejedor-Junco, MaríA Teresa 
González-Martín, Margarita 
Gutierrez, Carlos 
Keywords: Endemic Area
Niger, et al
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: 0037-8682
Journal: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 
Abstract: Introduction: Trypanosoma evansi was first identified in the Canary Islands in 1997, and is still present in a small area of the Archipelago. To date, the disease has exclusively affected camel herds, and has not been detected in any other animal hosts. However potential vectors of Trypanosoma evansi must be identified. Methods: One Nzi trap was placed on a camel farm located in the infected area for a period of one year. Results: Two thousand five hundred and five insects were trapped, of which Stomoxys calcitrans was the sole hematophagous vector captured. Conclusions: Stomoxys calcitrans could be exclusively responsible for the transmission of Trypanosoma evansi among camels in the surveyed area, as other species do not seem to be infected by S. calcitrans in the presence of camels.
ISSN: 0037-8682
DOI: 10.1590/0037-8682-0210-2013
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical[ISSN 0037-8682],v. 47, p. 510-512
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