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Title: Influence of the EPA/DHA ratio in rotifers on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) larval development
Authors: Rodríguez, C.
Pérez, J. A.
Díaz, M.
Izquierdo, M. S. 
Fernández-Palacios, H. 
Lorenzo, A.
UNESCO Clasification: 310502 Piscicultura
Keywords: Rotifers
Lipid emulsions
Gilthead seabream
Larvae, et al
Issue Date: 1997
Journal: Aquaculture 
Abstract: A feeding experiment was carried out to investigate the influence of the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) to docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) ratio (EPA/DHA) on 17-day-old Sparus aurutu larval development. Larvae were fed rotifers (Bra&onus plicatilis) enriched with four different lipid emulsions containing the same amount of total n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 HUFA) but different EPA/DHA ratios. The different EPA/DHA ratios of the emulsions gave rise to different ratios in the enriched rotifers. Furthermore, increments of the EPA/DHA ratio in rotifers produced a decrease in larval growth performance, so that larvae fed rotifers containing the highest EPA/DHA ratio showed the poorest growth rate. The analysis of fatty acids from larvae showed that there was a significant linear relationship between EPA/DHA ratio in their total polar lipids (TPL) and larval growth. At the same time, when the EPA/DHA ratio increased in rotifers, there was an increase in total n-3 HUFA in larvae total neutral lipid (TNL), which was mainly due to the accumulation of EPA. Results obtained in the present study suggest that for the same level of total n-3 HUFA, larval growth performance can be improved by a decrease in EPA/DHA ratio in rotifers, indicating the importance of DHA during the first days of S. aurutu larval development.
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI: 10.1016/S0044-8486(96)01472-X
Source: Aquaculture [ISSN 0044-8486], v. 150 (1-2), p. 77-89, (Abril 1997)
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