Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/49347
Title: Dietary flavonoids of Spanish youth: intakes, sources, and association with the mediterranean diet
Authors: Bawaked, Rowaedh Ahmed
Schröder, Helmut
Ribas-Barba, Lourdes
Cárdenas, Gabriela
Peña-Quintana, Luis 
Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen
Fíto, Montserrat
Serra-Majem, Lluis 
UNESCO Clasification: 3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Flavonoids
Mediterranean diet
Children
Adolescents
KIDMED index, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: PeerJ 
Abstract: The results of this study provide primary information about flavonoids intake and main food sources in Spanish children, adolescents and young adults. Participants with high daily mean intake of flavonoids have higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Methods Average daily intake and sources of flavonoids were estimated for a representative national sample of 3,534 children and young people in Spain, aged 2–24 years. The data was collected between 1998 and 2000 by 24-h recalls. The Phenol-Explorer database and the USDA database on flavonoids content were used. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was measured by the KIDMED index. Results The mean and median intakes of total flavonoids were 70.7 and 48.1 mg/day, respectively. The most abundant flavonoid class was flavan-3-ols (35.7%), with fruit being the top food source of flavonoids intake (42.8%). Total flavonoids intake was positively associated with the KIDMED index (p < 0.001). Conclusion The results of this study provide primary information about flavonoids intake and main food sources in Spanish children, adolescents and young adults. Participants with high daily mean intake of flavonoids have higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/22329
ISSN: 2167-8359
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.3304
Source: PeerJ [ISSN 2167-8359], v. 5 (e3304)
Rights: by-nc-nd
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