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Title: HF spectrum activity prediction model based on HMM for cognitive radio applications
Authors: Melian Gutierrez,Laura Beatriz 
Zazo, S.
Blanco-Murillo, J. L.
Pérez-Álvarez, I. 
García Rodríguez, A.
Pérez Díaz, Baltasar 
UNESCO Clasification: 3325 Tecnología de las telecomunicaciones
Keywords: Cognitive radio
Hidden Markov model
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: 1874-4907
Journal: Physical Communication 
Abstract: Although most of the research on Cognitive Radio is focused on communication bands above the HF upper limit (30 MHz), Cognitive Radio principles can also be applied to HF communications to make use of the extremely scarce spectrum more efficiently. In this work we consider legacy users as primary users since these users transmit without resorting to any smart procedure, and our stations using the HFDVL (HF Data+Voice Link) architecture as secondary users. Our goal is to enhance an efficient use of the HF band by detecting the presence of uncoordinated primary users and avoiding collisions with them while transmitting in different HF channels using our broad-band HF transceiver.A model of the primary user activity dynamics in the HF band is developed in this work to make short-term predictions of the sojourn time of a primary user in the band and avoid collisions. It is based on Hidden Markov Models (HMM) which are a powerful tool for modelling stochastic random processes and are trained with real measurements of the 14 MHz band.By using the proposed HMM based model, the prediction model achieves an average 10.3% prediction error rate with one minute-long channel knowledge but it can be reduced when this knowledge is extended: with the previous 8 min knowledge, an average 5.8% prediction error rate is achieved.These results suggest that the resulting activity model for the HF band could actually be used to predict primary users activity and included in a future HF cognitive radio based station.
ISSN: 1874-4907
DOI: 10.1016/j.phycom.2012.09.004
Source: Physical Communication[ISSN 1874-4907],v. 9, p. 199-211
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