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Title: Cost of compliance with daily recommended values of micronutrients among a cohort of Spanish university graduates: The SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) Study
Authors: Lopez, Celeste N.
Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A.
Alonso, Alvaro
Sanchez-Villegas, Almudena 
De La Fuente, Carmen
Bes-Rastrollo, Maira
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Low-Energy Density
Issue Date: 2009
Project: Red Alimentación Saludable en la Prevención Primaria de Enfermedades Crónicas: la Red Predimed. (Retics 2006) 
Journal: Public Health Nutrition 
Abstract: Objective Previous studies have shown that highly nutritious diets are more costly, but to data there has been no evaluation of the costs associated with failing to meet micronutrient recommendations in a Spanish population.Design, setting and subjects We examined whether daily food consumption costs (classified in quintiles) were associated with failing to meet at least there daily nutritional recommendations out of twenty (including fibre and nineteen micro-nutrients) in a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data of a cohort of 17197 Spanish university graduates. Micronutrients and fibre intake were assessed with a validated 136-item FFQ. Average cost of food was calculated from official Spanish government data.Results and conclusions. As participants presented higher dietary energy cost from their diet, their intake of micronutrients increased significantly. Low dietary energy cost was associated with a higher likelihood of failing to meet three or more recommendations (P for trend <0.001 across quintiles of dietary cost), the association being stronger among female than male participants (P for interaction between sex and quintile of dietary energy cost <0.001)
ISSN: 1368-9800
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980009005278
Source: Public Health Nutrition[ISSN 1368-9800],v. 12, p. 2092-2096 (Febrero 2009)
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