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Title: Diabetes-induced structural changes of venous and arterial endothelium and smooth muscle cells
Authors: Mompeo, B 
Popov, D.
Sima, A.
Constantinescu, E.
Simionescu, M.
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
241003 Citología humana
Keywords: Glycation End-Products
Mellitus, et al
Issue Date: 1998
Journal: Journal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology 
Abstract: The structural alterations of endothelium and smooth muscle cells of the hind limb and heart veins and arteries were investigated in Golden Syrian hamsters subjected to streptozotocin induced diabetes. Animals were examined at 5, 10, and 15 weeks after induction of diabetes. At each time point body weight and plasma glucose concentrations were recorded. Anesthetised animals were washed out of blood, fixed in situ, and the femoral vein and artery saphenous rein and artery, and heart veins and coronaries were dissected out, and processed for electron microscopical examination. Anionic sites of the endothelial plasmalemma were visualized by in situ perfusion of cationized ferritin. The endothelial localization of von Willebrand factor was carried out by immunocytochemistry. The results showed that induction of experimental diabetes generated morphological changes of the endothelium and smooth muscle cells of both hind limb and heart vessels. The common alterations developed in endothelial cells of venous and arterial origin consisted in: 1) the development of a secretory phenotype, enriched in biosynthetic and degradative organelles; 2) the abundance of cytoskeletal elements, especially intermediary filaments; 3) the increase in number of fused plasmalemmal vesicles and transendothelial channels, and 4) the hyperplasia of the basal lamina. In contradistinction to the arterial endothelium, the peculiarities of the venous endothelium in the diabetic hamsters examined were: 1) the uniform distribution of the anionic sites exposed on the luminal plasma lemma las in normal animals), and 2) the increased number of copies of Weibel-Palade bodies (up to 13 copies per endothelial cell in the hind limb). Von Willebrand factor was immunodetected in Weibel-Palade bodies, Golgi cisternae and some vesicles of normal and diabetic hamsters. With time, and especially pronounced at 15 weeks of diabetes, the smooth muscle cells of veins and arteries examined exhibited a characteristic secretory phenotype, and were surrounded by a reticulated basal lamina and a hyperplasic extracellular matrix (especially pronounced in arteries. These data indicate that diabetes affects both heart and hind limb veins and arteries, producing structural changes of the endothelium and smooth muscle cells which may account, at least in part, for the specific vascular complications.
ISSN: 1122-9497
Source: Journal Of Submicroscopic Cytology And Pathology[ISSN 1122-9497],v. 30 (4), p. 475-484
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