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Title: Evaluation of acute hepatotoxic effects exerted by environmental estrogens nonylphenol and 4-octylphenol in immature male rats
Authors: Zumbado, Manuel 
Boada, Luis D. 
Torres, Santiago
Monterde, José G.
Díaz-Chico, Bonifacio N. 
Afonso, Juan L.
Cabrera, Juan J. 
Blanco, Alfonso
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3214 Toxicología
Keywords: P-Tert-Octylphenol
Spindle Disturbances
Ethinyl Estradiol
Liver-Microsomes, et al
Issue Date: 2002
Journal: Toxicology 
Abstract: Nonylphenol(NP) and 4-Octylphenol (4OP) have shown estrogenic properties both in vivo and in vitro. Researchers have known for years that estrogens induce a wide number of hepatotoxic actions in rodents. In order to study the acute hepatic effects exerted by NP and 4OP on rat liver the following endpoints A ere evaluated: relative liver weight (RLW), morphology, cell cycle and ploidy status. monooxygenase enzymes content and levels of both. cytosolic estrogen receptor (cER) and microsomal binding sites for estrogens (mEBS). Immature male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 60 mg/kg of NP or 4OP for 1. 5 or 10 days. Despite the fact that RLW of the animals was not modified but an treatment, the histopathological study revealed the presence of an increase in the percentage of both, mitotic activity and Ki-67-labeling index (LI) in the livers from animals treated with alkylphenols in absence of any degenerative lesion. Furthermore, all the livers from alkylphenols-treated groups showed the presence of abnormal mitosis and c-mitosis. Although the levels of both, cER and cytochrome P450 (Cyt. P450) Acre not affected by any treatment, concentration of the mEBS was decreased after 10 days of treatment with alkylphenols. These findings taken together suggest that the exposition to alkylphenols induce cell proliferation and spindle disturbances and that these compounds are capable of modulating the expression of putative membrane receptors for estrogens.
ISSN: 0300-483X
DOI: 10.1016/S0300-483X(02)00046-X
Source: Toxicology[ISSN 0300-483X],v. 175, p. 49-62
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