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Title: Silica urolithiasis in the dromedary camel in a subtropical climate
Authors: Gutiérrez Cabrera, Carlos 
Corbera Sánchez, Juan Alberto 
Doreste Caballero, F.
Padrón, T. R.
Morales, M.
UNESCO Clasification: 310904 Medicina interna
Keywords: Calculi
Kidney stones
Salt, et al
Issue Date: 2002
Journal: Veterinary Research Communications 
Abstract: In 1998, two cases of silica urolithiasis occurred in castrated male dromedaries on an intensive camel farm in the Canary Islands. The immediate attributable cause was the ingestion of large amounts of silica in the feed, estimated as 84.44 g/day. An associated cause was the low level of salt in the diet. Daily ingestion of salt from feed and water was estimated to be 21.8 g (8.6 g of sodium). Seventy-six castrated males from the same farm were divided into four groups: group A received 30 g of salt daily; group B received 40 g; group C received 60 g; and group D received no added salt in the diet (control). The animals were maintained on these dietary regimes for 2 years. No animals from groups A, B or C suffered overt urinary retention. One animal from group D had an obstructive urinary retention 10 months after the study commenced. Thus, 52 g of salt daily appears to be sufficient to prevent urinary retention in dromedaries raised in a subtropical climate.
ISSN: 0165-7380
DOI: 10.1023/A:1020534323968
Source: Veterinary Research Communications [ISSN 0165-7380], v. 26, p. 437-442
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