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Title: Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty: How I Do It?
Authors: Lopez-Nava, G.
Galvão, M. P.
Bautista-Castaño, I. 
Jimenez-Baños, A.
Fernandez-Corbelle, J. P.
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3213 Cirugía
Keywords: Obesity treatment
Bariatric endoscopy
Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty
Minimal invasive surgery
Issue Date: 2015
Journal: Obesity Surgery 
Abstract: Background Primary endoscopic weight loss therapies are of interest for access, simplicity, and economy. The objective of this manuscript is to describe the endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty used in 50 patients. Methods The goal of this procedure is to reduce the gastric lumen into a tubular configuration, with the greater curvature modified by a line of sutured plications. General anesthesia with endotracheal intubation is needed. An endoscopic suturing system requiring a specific double-channel endoscope delivers full-thickness sets of running sutures from the antrum to the fundus. Patients are admitted and observed, with discharge planned within 24 h. Post-procedure outpatient care includes diet instruction with intensive follow-up by a multidisciplinary team. Voluntary oral contrast and endoscopy studies are scheduled to assess the gastroplasty at 3, 6, and 12 months. Results The technique was applied in 50 patients (13 men) with an average body mass index (BMI) of 37.7 kg/m2 (range 30–47) with 13 having reached 1 year. Procedure duration averaged 66 min during which six to eight sutures on average were placed. All patients were discharged in less than 24 h. There were no major intra-procedural, early, or delayed adverse events. Weight loss parameters were satisfactory, mean BMI changes from 37.7 ± 4.6 to 30.9 ± 5.1 kg/m2 at 1 year, and mean %TBWL was 19.0 ± 10.8. Oral contrast studies and endoscopy revealed sleeve gastroplasty configuration at least until 1 year of follow-up. Conclusion Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty is a safe, effective, and reproducible primary weight loss technique.
ISSN: 0960-8923
DOI: 10.1007/s11695-015-1714-7
Source: Obesity Surgery[ISSN 0960-8923],v. 25, p. 1534-1538
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