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Title: Bone mass, bone mineral density and muscle mass in professional golfers
Authors: Dorado, C. 
Sanchis Moysi, J. 
Vicente, G.
Serrano, J. A. 
Rodríguez, L. P.
Calbet, J. A.L. 
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Long-Distance Runners
Absorptiometry, et al
Issue Date: 2002
Journal: Journal of Sports Sciences 
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of long-term professional golf participation on whole-body and regional bone mass and density. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed on 15 male professional golfers and 18 sedentary individuals, matched for sex, race, age (29 +/- 1 and 25 +/- 1 years, respectively), body mass (79 +/- 2 and 74 +/- 2 kg), height (1.78 +/- 0.01 and 1.77 +/- 0.02 m) and percent body fat (20 +/- 2 and 21 +/- 2%; mean +/- s(x)). We found that long-term professional golf participation is not associated with significant increments in regional or whole-body bone mass or density. Neither the lumbar spine nor the femoral neck showed any noticeable enhancement of bone mass in professional golfers compared with controls from the same population. The only effect of professional golf participation on regional body composition was a 9% increase in muscle mass in the dominant arm (P <0.05).
ISSN: 0264-0414
DOI: 10.1080/026404102320183149
Source: Journal of Sports Sciences [ISSN 0264-0414], v. 20 (8), p. 591-597
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